What is Nipah ?

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Recently, two people died after getting Nipah in the southern state of Kerala. It is going to be an outbreak in here. As a result, the Indian government has decided to limit public gatherings to limit spreading it.

The virus spread among pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore, and the first Nipah outbreak was noted in 1998. The village where the virus was found gave its name. According to Joanne Macdonald, an associate professor of molecular engineering at the University of the Sunshine Coast, she said that the virus is naturally spread by flying foxes, according to fruit bats that live in trees. When people consume fruit contaminated by urinating the virus, they become ill.

Additionally, there have been occasional reported instances of transmission among humans. The disease is accomplished by coming into close touch with the body fluids of infected bats and pigs.

A kind of henipavirus called Nipah is connected to the Hendra virus. From bats, a highly contagious strain will arise. Nipah, along with Ebola, Zika, and COVID-19, has been recognized by the WHO as one of the few illnesses deserving of priority investigation because of their potential to trigger a global epidemic despite the rarity of outbreaks. Additionally, they highlighted that the virus has a fatality rate of between 40 and 75 percent, no known vaccine, and supportive care is typically the only course of treatment.

A rare but dangerous bat-borne virus called Nipah can make people sick with fever, vomiting, and respiratory infections. Seizures and encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain, can occur in severe cases and put a person in a coma.

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